从属连接句型是什么?写作连接词分不清楚?怎么用?

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理解依赖连接的句型,可以帮助你写出复杂句子,增加段落的句型,同时避免写出零散的短句。从句型可以产生概念之间的不等价强调,一方面用独立子句来强调主概念,另一方面把次要概念放在从句中。从句一般是从连接词开始的,或者从从从字开始。澳洲代写提醒各位在写作中要用好连接词哦

 

从属连接词

 

对比:although, even though, while(虽然)

程度:inasmuch as, insofar as, to the extent that(在……范围内)

因果:because, since, as(因为)

时间:when(当……的时候), whenever(无论何时), while(当……时), once(一旦), before(在……之前), after(在……之后), since(自从) , until(直到), as long as(长达), as soon as(一……就)

条件:if(若), when(当……的时候), provided that(假若), in case(假使), assuming that(假定), as long as(只要)

地方:where(在……哪里), wherever(无论何处)

否定条件:unless(除非)

选择条件:whether or not(是……或不是)

从字义上大概可看出,从属连接句型是用来创造次于主要独立子句的从属子句;在这类句型中,独立子句强调主要概念,次要概念则放在从属子句中。至于选择强调哪一个子句则视作者原意决定,无论句中哪一个概念转为从属子句均会改变句子的意思。请注意以下例句的句意变化:

As I continued to revise my paper, my points became clearer.

Although my points became clearer, I continued to revise my paper.

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在第一句里,「作者论文要点的清晰度」是重点,第二句强调的则是「作者继续修改论文」。若想将句子重点摆在「修改论文」,则需将「论文要点清晰度」设为从属子句,反之则把「继续修改论文」设为从属子句。从属子句和主要子句以逗号作区隔,单一从属字句仅是句子片段,并非完整句。例如,Although my points became clearer 便不是一个完整句。

 

从属连接词

从属子句常用来表达次要概念,且以从属连接词作为开头。

以下是几个从属连接词的例子:

合并独立子句和从属子句的范例:

Even though I am scared of sailing, I am taking a boat to the Penghu Islands.

Since I am graduating next month, I need to start looking for a job.

Whereas my sister’s favorite subject is Chemistry, I prefer English.

Xiao’s essay had many grammatical errors because he did not proofread it.

请注意,虽然以because 开头的从属子句结束时要加逗号,但若是在句中,because前面则不可加逗号。

例如:

Because I did not study , I failed the test.

I failed the test because I did not study.

 

下面检查一下你的试卷。你能指出哪些句子包含从句吗?这两个分句的开始是否是一个从属联结?首先认真地修改一段,试着把从句和从句连接到从句。然而,不要把所有的句子都变成相关连结式。同时,尽量把一些从句放在句首,一些从句末放在句中,这样可以使读者在结构上有所改变,避免句式单调而使读者失去兴趣。

 

透过概念的从属化使句子有重心

假设一个句子内包含两个不同概念,在比较过后可将较不重要的概念转为从属子句。一个具备主要和次要概念的句子可作为良好的论文陈述基础,因为这样的句子能暗示论文的重点并透露观点背后的推论过程。将某些概念转为从属子句也有助于加强句子和段落间转折的流畅性。

假设您要合并这两个概念:

Fewer and fewer fish are left in the ocean surrounding Taiwan. An increasing number of fishermen fish during the bleak winter months.

您可将句子合并来强调「渔夫越来越多」(主要概念):

Increasing numbers of fishermen fish during the bleak winter months, so fewer and fewer fish are left in the ocean surrounding Taiwan.

您也可以在合并句子时,将「鱼越来越少」的事实作为主要概念:

Fewer and fewer fish are left in the ocean surrounding Taiwan because an increasing number of fishermen fish during the bleak winter months.

 

在这两个例子中,主要概念都可独立作为一个完整句,而从属概念以从属连接词so 和because 开头,暗示了句子接下来的资讯较不重要

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